An Eleventh-century Buddhist Logic of 'Exists': Ratnakirti's by A. C. Senape McDermott

By A. C. Senape McDermott

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Tatha ' k$aJ;likasya kramayaugapadyabhyamarthakriyiivirodhai). sidhyatyeva. (87. 1 3) tatha vikalpadevak�aJ;liko virodhi siddhai).. vikalpollikhitascasya svabhavo napara ityapi vyavahartavyam. anyathii tadanuvadena kramakra­ miidirahitatvadini�edhadikamuktam. adisabdanueearaI;laprasaIigai).. asti ca. ato yathii pramaJ;liibhiive 'pi vikalpasiddhasya 83-bandhyasutiidei). l kidrso dO$ai). syiit. t. l virodhasyaparamarthikatvam. taddvareJ;la k$aJ;labhail­ gasiddhirapyaparamiirthiki syiiditi eet. l kifieitubhayakotidattapada­ sambandhiibhidhiinam- 8 6 i $yate, 'smiibhirupapadyate vii.

Pra­ tyak�iideva sidhyati. evarp. kramiikramiibhyiimarthakriyakiiritvaIp. iirthiikriyakiiritvamanyatra na gatamityarthal;1. amasrayiisiddhido�a­ parihiirato nirastam. 5) dvitiyarp. eiisatigatam. vikaipaji'iiinena vyatirekasya pratitatviit. 1. na hyabhiivasya vikalpiidanyapratipattirapratipattirva sar­ vathii. ubhayathapi tadvyavaharahaniprasatigat. evarp. 1. amasatigatam. ikatvena vyiipteravyiihatatviit. (85. p. ikasyiisattvam. sattvasya tata vyatirekaIp. p. ca sadhayatyekavyiipiiratmakatvaditi sthitam.

With a permanent entity which is an [absolute] nonentity . 23) [At this point Ratnakirti begins an explication and defense his own theory. 1 l1 Surely of] in the case of a real entity ll2 an attribute may be ascribed to a subject 11 3 ; for instance, 97 cowness [as ascribed] to a cow, white- 'pratiyogin' =df 'object of negation', 'counterpositive of an absence', negatum. 'ajanakasyiiprameyatviit ' ; (literally) 'because of the not being an object of knowledge of that which is unproductive'. lvrti' = d f 'illusion', 'phenomenal veil', 'surface reality'.

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