Amharic-English Dictionary. by Thomas L Kane

By Thomas L Kane

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E. a ‘positional variant’ of a first sequence may be part of a second. ) Returning to the constituent structures — or rather, structure — in (1), we see that {1}, {2}, and {5} each are associated with C(−,S); {3, 4} is associated with Vc(−,S); and {1, …, 4} with VcGr(−,S). 4 = [SnaI] . 4 Syllables and syllable sequences Structured sound sequences may but need not have constituents that are syllables. More precisely, the syllables of a structured sound sequence w of an idiolect system S are the greatest constituents of (the basis of) w that are associated in the constituent structure either with Vc(−,S) or with VcGr(−,S).

THE CASE FOR TWO-LEVEL PHONOLOGY 45 As here defined, the notion of representation applies to arbitrary sounds (phonetic or phonological) of a given idiolect system. Every sound represents itself. Representation requires an articulation base for the represented sound in which each feature is implied by (this allows for identity) some feature in an articulation base of the representing sound. The former base may be a proper or improper subset of the latter. Given this notion of representation, we may now distinguish various concepts of variant (of a phonological sequence).

The syllable sequence is \Snai\ 1 in (1a) and [SnaI] 1 in (1b); and {H}, the only member of I p = {H}1, corresponds to the only syllables of the two structured sound sequences. 6 Notation A number of notational conventions have been used in (1) to linearize the diagrammatic names of structured sound sequences: (i) Sound symbols are in bold-face (rather than in italics, which tends to create typographical problems). (ii) The end of a maximal constituent associated with either Vc or VcGr is indicated by a dot, in keeping with a tradition for marking syllable boundaries.

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