Šahrestānīhā ī Ērānšahr: A Middle Persian Text on Late by Touraj Daryaee

By Touraj Daryaee

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The list of cities enu­ merated in the text. What is noteworthy is that the area proclaimed as being the land of Iran is much larger than the area in which the Sasanians ruled. This may indicate an ideal (political) view of what the land or em­ pire should entail. The other important point is that this text was redacted in the eighth century, when the Arab Muslims had conquered and put an end to the Sasanian empire. While the empire is no more, the Zoroastrian scribes still imagined a set territory as the domain of the Iranians which echoes the sentiinents of Siihniime-ye Abu Man�iirl and Ibn Rusta where the land of Iran is from Egypt to Central Asia (Wiet 1955; 115).

The text is probably stating the great size of this fortification. -dast gird: "Estate" Markwart simply translates it as "lodge," but in his notes takes as a proper name (Markwart 1931; 13). dastgird It is also the name of a well known place where Husraw II had a palace with amazing riches which was raided by Heraclius in empire (Frye 1984; 628 CE during his invasion of the Sasanian 337). Ito made an unlikely emendation in regard to this term and came up with the city of "Gehan-farrox-kard-Husroy," which is not in the text and identifies it as Dastgird.

He is also connected with the province of Xwarasan and the building of Kangdiz. According to the Pahlavi Riviiyat: be zamfg amad andar tUran a kust [z] xwarasan ron gyag kU siyiiwcrukard be kard "(The Spirit of Khang) It came to earth in Turan in the kust of Xwarasan, in the place where, SiyawaxSkird stood" (Pahlavi Riviiyat Accompanying the Da­ deslan fDenlg, Afifi 1374; 46: Williams 1990; 89). -AtaxS wahram: ''Victorious Fire" Alcru wahrams were also established by the early Sasanian monarchs and the high priest KerdTr, See SKZ 22 (Back 1978; 329-330) and for KKZ 21 KNRm51 KSM 3; and KKZ 51 KNRm 121 KSM 6 (Gignoux 199J; 54-56).

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