By Christopher W. Zobel, Nezih Altay, Mark P. Haselkorn
This quantity presents a survey of present learn difficulties and leads to humanitarian operations learn. also, it discusses latest functions of humanitarian operations examine, and considers new examine efforts that truly expand latest examine and functions. The ebook is split into 3 sections that supply an summary of the topic, a glance on the concept, and an exam of applications.
The assessment part provides chapters on modeling ways and metrics to judge nonprofit operations; leader findings of fieldwork learn in catastrophe reaction logistics; using funds as a sort of reduction; and measuring markets that offer cash-based humanitarian interventions.
The conception part contains chapters that research the accomplice proliferation challenge in catastrophe reaction networks; a case learn of humanitarian logistics that examines how humanitarian tradition informs swap adoption; and a glance on the present cutting-edge for info visibility in humanitarian operations.
Finally, the applying part makes a speciality of blood items, vaccines, and nutrition guidance, with person chapters on effective inventorying and distribution of blood items in the course of failures; a close examine modeling within the context of the vaccine offer chain; a framework for reaching fairness, effectiveness, and potency in meals financial institution operations; and a spatio-temporal vulnerabili
ty review of the resilience of a inhabitants tormented by unexpected loss of food.
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Extra resources for Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations
Difficult to reach areas, warzones). Giving tools that might help find the right unique performance metric for each operation is not the goal of this chapter. In fact, we argue that this is not the best approach due to the nature of nonprofit operations as previously described. This section offers techniques and strategies to address two issues associated with the lack of having a single suitable performance metric. 1) consists of finding the most appropriate theoretical model that better represents the nonprofit operation at hand.
Gunasekaran et al. (2001) prefer to categorize performance depending on its strategic, operational or tactical focus. Shepherd and Gunter (2006) provide an exhaustive review of articles that study supply chain performance systems and metrics. The metrics presented in this chapter are selected from the OR/MS field and other fields, such as economics and nonprofit management. Thus, this chapter suggests some specific metrics that have not been considered in OR/MS. 2 Modeling Approaches and Metrics to Evaluate Nonprofit Operations 15 Input Metrics We follow the generic high-level classification from Chan and Qi (2003) that separate input metrics in costs and time.
3 presents different candidate metrics, some novel to the OR/ MS community, for measuring nonprofit performance. These metrics are classified into three groups: input, output, and efficiency metrics. 4 concludes the chapter with a final example and a summary. 2 Modeling Methods and Strategies The lack of a single common performance metric to measure nonprofit operations is one of the major and most distinctive challenges of this type of operations1. This challenge is two-fold because there is a lack of a common performance metric that can be used for all nonprofit operations and, at the same time, it is very challenging to find a single performance metric to evaluate a specific nonprofit operation.