Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap by Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan

By Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan

As one of many eighteen field-specific stories comprising the excellent scope of the strategic basic document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technological know-how and know-how within the box of complicated fabrics technology. They each one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group reviews examine the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technological know-how and know-how, describe the decisive impression of technology and know-how at the modernization approach, expect that the realm is at the eve of an forthcoming S&T revolution, and make contact with for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in response to the targeted research of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reviews draw a framework for 8 simple and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technology and expertise, determine China's S&T roadmaps for the proper 8 easy and strategic structures according to China's truth, additional element S&T tasks of strategic value to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with finished consultations for the improvement of S&T innovation in keeping with China's fact. Supported through illustrations and tables of information, the reviews offer researchers, executive officers and marketers with assistance pertaining to study instructions, the making plans procedure, and funding.

Founded in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's optimum educational establishment in typical sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior learn in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on common assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical facts and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned initiatives in regards to key S&T difficulties within the means of socio-economic improvement, to begin group of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech corporations via its lively engagement in those areas.

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The future development of China’s civil aviation industry will influence the advanced composite materials enormously and also make new demands on low cost technology. Different to metal matrix and ceramic matrix composite materials, the main properties (except for thermal resistant temperature) of the polymer matrix composite materials depend on the reinforcement much more. Once the amount of matrix polymer satisfies the demands of structure formation , then generally the less is used the better, usually lower than 50%.

The corresponding theories and methods for computational materials science. 2 Inorganic Nonmetallic Materials Inorganic nonmetallic materials include a number of academic disciplines, cover many kinds of materials and can be applied in many fields including the national economy, national defense and social needs. Inorganic nonmetallic materials include structural ceramics, functional ceramics, artificial crystals, semiconductor materials and carbon materials. ). The high-performance structural ceramics, due to high temperature resistance, wear resistance, corrosion resistance and other characteristics, can play an important role in saving energy, saving noble metal resources and environmental protection.

Report on Development Strategies of Disciplines (2006) published by the Committee of National Natural Science Foundation of China pointed out the development strategy of inorganic nonmetallic materials discipline as follows: In the future research and development work, China should especially strengthen interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary overlapping research, improve the synthesis and manufacturing, characterization and estimation, design and property prediction of materials in balance, pay special attention to green manufacturing technologies and scientific questions related to environmental harmony in the traditional inorganic nonmetallic material field, and attach importance to the development of independent innovation equipment used in materials manufacturing and characterization.

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