By Stephen Colvin
A historic Greek Reader offers an advent to the heritage of the traditional Greek language by way of a chain of texts with linguistic remark, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It deals a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the most recent textual content dates to the second one century AD), and contains a wide variety of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a couple of recognized inscriptions with contemporary discoveries that will not be simply to be had somewhere else; a variety of literary texts lines significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The booklet finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic heritage of koinГ© Greek. The remark assumes no previous wisdom of Greek old linguistics, yet offers a simple volume of updated bibliography in order that complicated scholars and others can pursue linguistic matters at higher intensity the place important.
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Extra info for A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine
1 This transformation has been connected with movements of population in Greece in the centuries following the Mycenaean collapse. There were also far-reaching migrations from Greece to the coast of Asia Minor and the oﬀshore islands during this period, no doubt triggered to some extent by unsettled conditions in Greece. The Greek settlers who occupied Lesbos and the most northerly part of Asia Minor called the region they inhabited ‘Aeolis’: these Aeolians seem to have migrated from Thessaly. To the south of Aeolis lay Ionia, which was settled for the most part by migrants from Attica; most of the central Aegean islands between Attica and Ionia were also settled by Ionic-speakers.
3). 7. 2b). 3 1 Ruijgh (1968). 5). 3 Szemerényi (1956). §31. Consonants 1. Disappearance of [w] (digamma) from the time of the earliest inscriptions. 2. In µ σο , σο etc. 8a). 3. -Ion. as in Myc. 9). This gives the characteristic 3 plur. ending -ουσι [-o:si] < *-ονσι (WGk. 6c. ˙ attic only: 4. In ρ ττω, ττων, etc. 8), and very occasionally in Thessaly. 5. ). ionic only: 6. 10): loss of the aspirate, an areal development which aﬀected eastern Aeolic (Lesbian) as well as eastern Ionic. Central Ionic and Euboea for the most part retained the aspirate.
Class. τρα´πεζα), ‘table’; ˚ (cf. class. τ σο , τ σσο ), ‘so much’; to-so < *totyos pa-sa < *pant-ya (cf. class. πα˜σα), ‘all’. It is not at all clear, however, how the series transcribed z- was pronounced in these cases: most likely it represented some sort of voiced aﬀricate, [ddz] or [dzˇ]. It is usually assumed that the -s- here represents a voiceless aﬀricate or a geminate -ss-. 8. Combination: t + i The change -ti > -si in verbal endings is an important indication of the dialectal aﬃliations of Mycenaean (§4 above).